59 During the planning conference for Ubuntu.10 it was announced that Unity 2D would probably be dropped in favour of making Unity 3D run better on lower-end hardware., at oscon, shuttleworth explained some of the historical reasoning behind Unity's development. The initial decision to develop a new interface in 2008 was driven by a desire to innovate and to pass Microsoft and Apple in user experience. This meant a family of unified interfaces that could be used across many device form factors, including desktop, laptop, tablet, smart phones and. Shuttleworth said "The old desktop would force your tablet or your phone into all kinds of crazy of funny postures. So we said: Screw. Were going to move the desktop to where it needs to be for the future. This turned out to be a deeply unpopular process." 60 Initial testing of Unity during development was done in a laboratory setting and showed the success of the interface, despite public opposition. Real world shipping return rates also indicated acceptance.
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This is no way to lead a project. This is a recipe for a project that loses great people to environments that are more binding open to different ways of seeing the world. Embracing those other ideas and allowing them to compete happily and healthily is the only way to keep the innovation they bring inside your brand. Otherwise, you're doomed to watching them innovate and then having to "relayout" your own efforts to keep up, badmouthing them in the process. We started this with a strong, clear statement: Unity is a shell for Gnome. Now Gnome leadership have to decide if they want the fruit of that competition to be an asset to Gnome, or not. In April 2011, mark Shuttleworth announced that Ubuntu.10 Oneiric Ocelot would not include the classic gnome desktop as a fall-back to Unity, unlike ubuntu.04 Natty narwhal. Instead Ubuntu.10 used the Qt-based Unity 2D for users whose hardware cannot support the 3d version. 28 57 However, the classic gnome desktop ( gnome panel ) can be installed separately in Ubuntu.10 and later versions through gnome-panel, business a package in the Ubuntu repositories. 58 At the november 2011 Ubuntu developer Summit, it was announced that Unity for Ubuntu.04 would not re-enable the systray, and would have better application integration, and the ability to drag lenses onto the launcher, and that the 2d version of Unity would use.
According to dave neary, pdf ". . an external dependency is a non-gnome module which is a dependency of a package contained in one of the gnome module sets and the reasons why libappindicator was not accepted as an external dependency are that ". . it does not fit that definition it has ". . duplicate functionality with libnotify (the current Gnome Shell default) and its cla does not meet current gnome policy. 53 Mark Shuttleworth responded, This is a critical juncture for the leadership of Gnome. I'll state plainly that I feel the long tail of good-hearted contributors to Gnome and Gnome applications are being let down by a decision-making process that has let competitive dynamics diminish the scope of Gnome itself. Ideas that are not generated 'at the core' have to fight incredibly and unnecessarily hard to get oxygen. Getting room for ideas to be explored should not feel like a frontal assault on a machine gun post.
We want the launcher always close to the Ubuntu button." 46 However, with Ubuntu.10, the Ubuntu button has been moved into the launcher, rendering this argument invalid. A third-party plugin that moves Unity 3D's launcher to the bottom is available. 47 An option to move the launcher to the bottom of the screen was officially implemented in Ubuntu.04., the Unity shell interface developers use a toolkit called Nux instead of Clutter. 49 Unity is a plugin of the compiz window manager, 6 which Canonical states is faster than Mutter, 50 the window manager for which gnome shell is a plugin. On, canonical also released a technical preview of a "2D" version of Unity based on Qt and written in qml. 27 Unity-2D was not shipped on the Ubuntu.04 cd, instead the classic gnome desktop was the fall-back for hardware that could not run shredder Unity. 51 about 52 In March 2011, public indications emerged of friction between Canonical (and its development of Unity) and the gnome developers. As part of Unity development Ubuntu developers had submitted api coding for inclusion in Gnome as an external dependency.
34 Manjaro has a unity version of its distribution. 38 development edit Ubuntu originally used the full gnome desktop environment; Ubuntu founder Mark Shuttleworth cited philosophical differences with the gnome team over the user experience to explain why Ubuntu would use Unity as the default user interface instead of gnome shell, beginning April 2011. 39 In november 2010, Ubuntu community manager Jono bacon explained that Ubuntu will continue to ship the gnome stack, gnome applications, and optimize ubuntu for gnome. The only difference, he wrote, would be that Unity is a different shell for gnome. 40 Canonical announced it had engineered Unity for desktop computers as well and would make unity the default shell for Ubuntu in version.04. 41 gnome shell was not included in Ubuntu.04 Natty narwhal because work on it was not completed at the time.04 was frozen, but is available from a ppa, 42 and is available in Ubuntu.10 and later releases, through the official repositories. 43 In november 2010, mark Shuttleworth announced the intention to eventually run Unity on wayland instead of the currently used x window System, 44 although this plan has since been dropped, replacing wayland with Mir for Unity. 45 In December 2010, some users requested that the Unity launcher (or dock ) be movable from the left to other sides of the screen, but Mark Shuttleworth stated in reply, "I'm afraid that won't work with our broader design goals, so we won't implement.
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28 Unity 2D was discontinued for the write release of Ubuntu.10 in October 2012, as the 3d version became more capable of running on lower-powered hardware. 29 availability edit As Unity and the supporting ayatana resume projects 30 are developed primarily for Ubuntu, ubuntu is the first to offer new versions. Outside of Ubuntu, other Linux distributors have tried to pick up ayatana, with varying success. The ayatana components require modification of other applications, which increases the complexity for adoption by others. Arch Linux offers many ayatana components, including Unity and Unity 2d, via an unofficial repository or through aur. 31 Fedora does not offer Unity in its default repositories because Unity requires unsupported patches to gtk. 32 However Unity 6 has been ported to fedora 17 and can be installed through a branch in the opensuse repositories where the patches are applied.
33 Newer Fedora and Unity versions are not supported. 34 Frugalware had adopted ayatana, including Unity and Unity 2d, as part of the development branch for an upcoming Frugalware release but the project is no longer maintained. 35 opensuse offers many ayatana components for gnome. 36 After the packager abandoned the project because of problems with the then-current version of Compiz, 37 new developers picked up the task and provide packages for opensuse.2 (along with versions for Arch Linux and Fedora 17). Newer opensuse and Unity versions are not supported.
The shopping lens is filtered to prevent the loading of pornographic images. 20 21 Variants edit Unity for Ubuntu tv edit Ubuntu tv, running a unity variant, was introduced at the 2012 Consumer Electronics Show. 22 Created for SmartTVs, ubuntu tv provides access to popular Internet services and stream content to mobile devices running Android, ios and Ubuntu. 23 Unity for Ubuntu touch edit main article: Ubuntu touch Design On, canonical announced a smartphone variant of Unity running on the mir display server. 24 Unity 2D edit Unity 2D showing the ability to run alongside different window managers and desktop environments Initially canonical maintained two discrete versions of Unity, which were visually almost indistinguishable but technically different.
Unity is written as a plugin for Compiz 25 and uses an uncommon OpenGL toolkit called Nux. 6 being a plugin for Compiz gives Unity gpu -accelerated performance on compatible systems. It is written in the programming languages c and Vala. Unity 2D was a set of individual applications 26 developed for environments that Compiz does not run on, such as when graphics card does not support OpenGL. They were written in the gui building language qml from the widespread Qt framework. 27 by default Unity 2D used the metacity window manager 26 but could also use accelerated window managers like compiz or kwin. In Ubuntu.10, Unity 2D used Metacity's xrender-based compositor to achieve transparency effects. Citation needed Starting with Ubuntu.10, unity 2D replaced the classic gnome panel as the fall-back for users whose hardware could not run the compiz version of Unity.
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Google docs scope is a lens shredder which searches files from google Drive. Music lens is a lens to search the user's music library. Music Stores scope is a scope to search online music stores, such as the Ubuntu One music Store. Video lens is a lens to search videos from the user's video library and online video services such as. Social lens is a lens to find the user's sns activities such as Twitter, facebook and google (via the Unity online account function). Shopping lens is a lens for online shopping. It shows m search results in the dash home lens. However, this lens takes search queries from all lenses.
Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (november 2013) Dash The Unity dash is a desktop search utility in Unity. Unity Preview is a function that previews an item in the report search results. Lens is a channel to throw the search query to Scope and show the search result. Scope is a search engine of Dash. The search query is thrown by lens. The following lenses and scopes are installed by default: Home lens Dash App Lens on Ubuntu.04 Application lens is a lens to find applications to launch or install. The source of installable applications is the Ubuntu software center. File lens is a lens to show files from local (via zeitgeist ) and remote (using Unity's online account function) sources.
an application to the launcher. If it is not locked, an application may be started using the dash or via a separately installed menu. 17 quicklist the accessible menu of launcher items. Dash an overlay that allows the user to search quickly for information both locally (installed applications, recent files, bookmarks, etc.) and remotely (Twitter, google docs, etc.) and displays previews of results. 18 The dash search feature was the subject of the privacy controversy. Head-up display (HUD) introduced with Ubuntu.04. It allows hotkey searching for top menu bar items from the keyboard, without the need for using the mouse, by pressing and releasing the Alt key. 19 Indicators a notification area (similar to an os x menu extra containing displays for the clock, network and battery status, sound volume etc. Features edit This article needs to be updated.
9, unity is part of the ayatana project, an initiative with the stated intention of improving the user experience within Ubuntu. 10, in addition to Unity, there are Application Indicators and other projects such as memenu, the notification system and the application Notifyosd gathered. On, mark Shuttleworth announced that Canonical's work on Unity will end and that Ubuntu.04 lts, a year away from release at the time, will abandon the Unity desktop and employ the. Gnome 3 desktop instead, as, canonical moves away from its ambitions to produce a unified cell phone and desktop operating system and concentrates on desktop, cloud computing and Internet of things platforms instead. 11 12 UBports founder Marius Gripsgård announced that the organization would continue unity development. 13 Contents User interface edit The Unity user interface consists of several components: 14 Top menu bar a multipurpose top bar, saving space, and containing: (1) the menubar of the currently active application, (2) the capture bar of the main window of the currently active. 14 launcher a dock that also serves as a window switcher.yardage
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For other uses, see, unity (disambiguation). Not to be confused with, unity (game engine). Unity is a graphical shell for the. Gnome desktop environment originally developed by, canonical Ltd. For its, ubuntu operating system. Unity debuted in the netbook edition resumes of, ubuntu.10. It was initially designed to make more efficient use of space given the limited screen size of netbooks, including, for example, a vertical application switcher called the launcher, and a space-saving horizontal multipurpose top menu bar. Unlike gnome, kde software compilation, xfce, or, lxde, unity is not a collection of applications but is designed to use existing programs.