It is possible, i suppose, to miss home terribly, not know what home really is anymore, and refuse to go home, all at once. Such a tangle of feelings might then be a definition of luxurious freedom, as far removed from saids tragic homelessness as can be imagined. Logically, a refusal to go home should validate, negatively, the very idea of home, rather in the way that saids idea of exile validates the idea of an original true home. But perhaps the refusal to go home is consequent on the loss, or lack, of home: as if those fortunate expatriates were really saying to me: I couldnt go back home because i wouldnt know how to anymore. And there is Home and a home. Authors used to be described on book dust-jackets as making a home: Mr Blackmur makes his home in Princeton, new Jersey. I have made a home in the United States, but it is not quite home. For instance, i have no desire to become an American citizen.
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Perhaps saids implication is that unwanted homelessness only bears down on those who have a true home and thus always reinforces the purity of the origin, while green voluntary homelessness the softer emigration i am trying to define means that home cant have been very true. I doubt he intended that, but nonetheless, the desert of exile seems to need the oasis of primal belonging, the two held in a biblical clasp. In that essay, said distinguishes between exile, refugee, expatriate and émigré. Exile, as he understands it, is tragic homelessness, connected to the ancient sentence of banishment; he approves of Adornos subtitle. Minima moralia : Reflections from a mutilated Life. Its hard to see how the milder, unforced journey i am describing could belong to this grander vision assignment of suffering. Not going home is not exactly the same as homelessness. That nice old boarding school standby, homesickness, might fit better, particularly if allowed a certain doubleness. I am sometimes homesick, where homesickness is a kind of longing for Britain and an irritation with Britain: sickness for and sickness. I bump into plenty of people in America who tell me that they miss their native countries Britain, germany, russia, holland, south Africa and who in the next breath say they cannot imagine returning.
Its a bit feeble to say i didnt expect to stay that long; and ungrateful, or even meaningless or dishonest, to say i didnt want. I must have wanted to; there has been plenty of gain. But I had so little concept of what might be lost. Losing a country, or losing a home, if I gave the matter much thought when I was young, was an acute world-historical event, forcibly meted out on the victim, lamented and canonised in literature and theory as exile or displacement, and defined with appropriate terminality. It is the unhealable rift forced between a human being and a native place, between the self and its true home: its essential sadness can never be surmounted. And while it is true that literature and history contain heroic, romantic, glorious, even triumphant episodes in an exiles life, these are no more than efforts meant to overcome the crippling sorrow of estrangement. The achievements of exile are permanently undermined by the loss of something left behind for ever. Saids emphasis on the selfs true home has a slightly theological, or perhaps Platonic, sound. When there is such universal homelessness, of both the forced and the unforced kind, the idea of a true home surely suffers an amount of unsympathetic modification.
I left my home twice the first time, just after university, when I revelation went to london, in the familiar march of the provincial for the metropolis. I borrowed a thousand pounds from the natWest bank in Durham (an account I still have rented a van one-way, put everything i owned into it, and drove south; I remember thinking, as I waved at my parents and my sister, that the gesture was. In this way, many of us are homeless: the exodus of expansion. The second departure occurred in 1995, when at the age of thirty i left Britain for the United States. I was married to an American to put it more precisely, i was married to an American citizen whose French father and Canadian mother, themselves immigrants, lived in the States. We had no children, and America would surely be new and exciting. We might even stay there for a few years five at the most? I have now lived 18 years in the United States.
The few occasions I have returned to durham have been strangely disappointing. My parents no longer live there; I no longer live in the country. The city has become a dream. Herodotus says that the Scythians were hard to defeat because they had no cities or settled forts: they carry their houses with them and shoot with bows from horseback their dwellings are on their wagons. How then can they fail to be invincible and inaccessible for others? To have a home is to become vulnerable. Not just to the attacks of others, but to our own adventures in alienation.
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Standing so far the away, a singular figure, she might have been a tentative tourist. But i knew the full bag, that coat i always wanted to be a bit more impressive than it wallpaper was, the anxious rectitude of my mothers posture. She came every tuesday afternoon, because the girls school she taught at got out early then. My parents lived only a mile or so from the cathedral, but I had to board; tuesday afternoons, before i went back to school, gave me the chance to exchange a few words, and grab whatever she brought in that bag comics and sweets; and. In my memory this is exactly what happened: the radiance of the music, the revelation of its beauty, the final cadences of the tallis, and my happy glimpsing of my mother. But it happened 37 years ago, and the scene has a convenient, dream-like composition.
Perhaps I have really dreamed. As I get older I dream more frequently of that magnificent cathedral the long grey cool interior hanging somehow like memory itself. These are intense experiences, from which i awake hearing every single note of a piece of remembered music; happy dreams, never troubled. I like returning to that place in my sleep, even look forward. But real life is a different matter.
The new Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, third Edition Copyright 2005 by houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Idioms and Phrases with force In addition to the idioms beginning with force also see: Show More The American Heritage Idioms Dictionary copyright 2002, 2001, 1995 by houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Word of the day leonine. I had a piano teacher who used to talk about the most familiar musical cadence in which a piece returns, after wandering and variation, to its original key, the tonic as going home. It seemed so easy when music did it: who wouldnt want to swat away those black accidentals and come back to sunny c major? These satisfying resolutions are sometimes called perfect cadences; there is a lovely subspecies called the English cadence, used often by composers like tallis and Byrd, in which, just before the expected resolution, a dissonance sharpens its blade and seems about to wreck things and.
I wish I could hear that English cadence again, the way i first properly heard it in Durham Cathedral. I was 11 years old. During the lesson, we choristers had been exchanging notes, probably sniggering at one of the more pompous priests the one who, as he processed towards his stall, held his clasped hands pointing outwards from his breast, like a pious fish and then we were. I knew the piece but hadnt really listened. Now I was struck assaulted, thrown by its utter beauty: the soft equanimity of its articulation, like the voice of justice; the sweet dissonance, welcome as pain. That dissonance, with its distinctive tudor sound, is partly produced by a movement known as false relation, in which the note you expect to hear in the harmony of a chord is shadowed by its nearest relation the same note but a semitone off. As the tallis was ending, i saw a middle-aged woman with a canvas shoulder-bag enter the shadowy hinterland at the back of the huge building.
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From the strongest to the weakest, the four forces are the strong nuclear force, the electromagnetic force, the weak nuclear force, and gravity. Show More The American Heritage Science dictionary copyright 2011. Published by houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Force in Culture In physics, something that causes a change in the motion of an object. The modern definition of force (an object's mass multiplied by its acceleration ) was given by Isaac Newton in Newton's laws of motion. The most familiar unit of force is the pound. (see mechanics.) Show More note Gravity, mini and therefore weight, is a kind of force.
The capacity to do work or people cause physical change; energy, strength, or active power. A vector quantity that tends to produce an acceleration of a body in the direction of its application. Show More The American Heritage Stedman's Medical Dictionary copyright 2002, 2001, 1995 by houghton Mifflin Company. Published by houghton Mifflin Company. Force in Science fôrs Any of various factors that cause a body to change its speed, direction, or shape. Force is a vector quantity, having both magnitude and direction. Contributions of force from different sources can be summed to give the net force at any given point. Any of the four natural phenomena involving the interaction between particles of matter.
italian forza noun use of neuter plural of Latin fortis "strong" (see fort ). Meaning "body of armed men, army" first recorded late 14c. (also in Old French). Physics sense is from 1660s; force field attested by 1920. C.1300, from Old French forcier "conquer by violence from force (see force (n.). Its earliest sense in English was "to ravish" (a woman sense of "to compel, oblige" to do something is from.1400. Related: Forced ; forcing. Show More Online Etymology dictionary, 2010 douglas Harper force in Medicine (fôrs).
President Eisenhower sent the 101st Airborne division to force faubus to admit the students to central High School. Luke skywalker is an evil robot who has fallen to the dark side of the force. Historical Examples, but he admired Hester, and the more she slighted him the more he was determined to force her to like him. He cannot imagine a more salutary mode of exhausting his force. He would take her in spite of that; overpower her; force her. A force exuded from him; indeed, he seemed neither young nor old. But let not any man think of carrying this measure revelation by force. British Dictionary definitions for force noun strength or energy; might; powerthe force of the blow; a gale of great force exertion or the use of exertion against a person or thing that resists; coercion physics a dynamic influence that changes a body from a state. The magnitude of the force is equal to the product of the mass of the body and its acceleration a static influence that produces an elastic strain in a body or system or bears weightSymbol: F physics any operating influence that produces or tends.
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12501300; (noun) Middle English, related formsforceable, adjectiveforceless, adjectiveforcer, nounforcingly, adverbinterforce, nounoverforce, nounoverforce, verb, overforced, overforcing. Can be confused coerce compel constrain force oblige, synonyms, see more synonyms on. Efficacy, effectiveness, cogency, potency, validity. Overcome; violate, ravish, rape. M Unabridged, based on the random house Unabridged Dictionary, random house, inc. Examples from the web for force. Contemporary Examples, yet for a vivid decade or so, sleaze was, somewhat paradoxically, a force for literacy and empowerment. Qasem database Suleimani was appointed as commander of the force in 1997. Where the force generating those threats is a widespread, self-sustaining, and virulent social movement?