People includes important people in hip - hop such as artists, people who shape our ideas about hip - hop, and consumers of hip - hop. In the center of the triangle the class will list hip - hop s essential elements in order to create a working definition of hip - hop. Ask for a couple volunteers to write on the board and another volunteer to get the brainstorm started. Each person to speak will pass off the conversation by calling out another persons name or passing off an object. The writers should use different colors and ways of representing what classmates say to create a visual collection of ideas on the board. Hip - hop Controversy: Find an example of a politician or tv personalitys criticism of rap music and have the class come up with a rebuttal in light of what they have learned about hip - hop. One famous early example is the criticism surrounding Ice-Ts song Cop Killer and Tipper Gores editorial Hate, rape and Rap ( Washington Post, january 8, 1990 where she says that rap glorifies violence and teaches children to hate.
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Activities - choose One or Two visual Images of Hip - hop Culture: Watch one of these videos and reflect on them as a class. Afrika bambaataa planet Rock (4:00 m/watch? V9lDCYjb8rhk -temple of Hip - hop (various artists http www. Templeofhiphop.org note: This Web site no longer accessible and the video is no longer available on. Artistic Brainstorm - hip - hop in Society: Draw a large triangle on the board. At each point of the triangle, write one of these categories: context, ideas, people. In the middle before of the triangle, write hip - hop. Explain that the goal of this brainstorm is to gather as many vivid adjectives as possible about hip - hop and to re-cap the most important things weve learned. Context includes the structures or systems that hip - hop came out. Responses under this category might include historical facts, geographical places, report or urban policies. The ideas category could include artists understandings of hip - hop, media stereotypes, or the students own beliefs about hip - hop.
In the 1990s gangsta rap, a type of rap that describes life in inner-city neighborhoods, became commercially popular in the. Even though many people criticized it, this music spoke to youth who could identify with its themes of anger, rebellion against authority, and apathy. Companies who could profit from young consumers caught onto this trend and linked up their products with popular rap music. Some hip - hop fans see the commercialization of hip - hop music as selling out and compromising hip - hop s original message. Breakdancing, rapping, scratching, and graffiti art all became part of youth cultures vocabulary. Looking at the roots of hip - hop, we see a powerful example online of human creativity. A group of deprived kids managed to create an entire culture and art-form with the limited resources they had.
The films "Wild Style" and "Style wars" were released. Def Jam Recordings was established. Two big steps in making hip - hop mainstream were run-dmcs release of its version of Aerosmiths Walk This way and the groups nomination for a grammy. Mtv and the radio started to have rap-specific programming with "Yo! Mtv raps!" and "Mr. Magics Rap Attack" on the new York fm radio station whbi. Two noteworthy women in the hip - hop world in the 1980s were wendy Clark and queen Latifah. At the end of 1980s hip - hop started getting some negative press. Politicians and media personalities painted a picture of commercial hip - hop as music that taught immoral values.
Rapping also has roots in Jamaican toasting, a type of lyrical chanting. Bambaataa also formed the Universal Zulu nation, a hip - hop awareness group that organized cultural events for youth. The group was an alternative to gang activity for many young people. Over time, the zulu nation has spread internationally as a hip - hop awareness movement guided by certain spiritual principles. The sugar Hill Gang recorded the first popular commercial rap recording, rappers Delight, in 1979. This song was many Americans first brush with hip - hop. In the 1980s the hip - hop scene expanded and entered the mainstream in the. Kurtis Blow, Grandmaster Flash, public Enemy, and nwa released albums. The first West coast rap albums came out.
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Also the art of touching and moving records with your hands. Cutting (using volume control to drop in a section of music from one turntable into assignment music from another turntable) and scratching (the sound a dj makes by putting his hand on the record and rubbing the vinyl under the needle in time with the music). Breakdancing a style of dancing that includes gymnastic moves, head spins, and backspins. Young people who were into dancing to the breaks at Bronx parties started calling themselves B-boys and B-girls, and their style of dancing came to be known as breakdancing. B-boys, b-girls, and members of the zulu nation made breakdancing popular. Graffiti visual art, manual an expression of youth culture and rebellion in public spaces. The first forms of subway graffiti were tags, or signatures of someones nickname or crew (group of artists that work together).
It has evolved into elaborate scripts, color effects, and shading. Mcing mc are initials for master of ceremonies. MCs originally hosted parties and introduced tracks to the dancing audience. Eventually the term was used to describe rappers. Rapping is the art of saying rhymes to the beat of music. It comes out of the African-American oral tradition of using rhyming language to ridicule your friends or enemies in a clever way. In the early 1970s, this developed into street jive, a type of half-spoken, half-sung urban street talk.
They also used electronic sounds coming from other places, like europe. A famous example is Afrika bambaataas use of Kraftwerks 1977 Trans-Europe Express. In 1973 dj kool Herc djed his first party in the south Bronx. The south Bronx was a poor neighborhood isolated from the rest of New York. One factor in this isolation was construction of the Cross Bronx Expressway, which created a scenery of rubble in neighborhoods it ran through. Young people of color found their own way to make these bleak surroundings positive and beautiful.
They spray-painted and danced on cardboard they laid on the ground. Hip - hop parties were positive alternatives to gang violence. Kool Herc, who became known as the father of hip - hop, formed the basis of hip - hop music by experimenting with instrumental breaks of funk, soul, and r b songs. In the following years hip - hop pioneers such as Afrika bambaataa, grandmaster Flash, and Grandmaster caz start djing at parties across the Bronx. The story of Afrika bambaataa—for example, his life-changing trip to Africa that resulted in his name change and his efforts to transform the south Bronx community—shows how the emergence of hip - hop is connected to identity, race, and place. Reformed gang member Bambaataa defined the four elements of the hip - hop scene. The four elements of hip - hop culture are: djing The art of spinning records at a dance party, picking out songs in a crowd-pleasing sequence.
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Do you agree or disagree with him? In what way did Afrika bambaataa create a culture? How do popular definitions of hip - hop differ from the way artists in the documentaries define hip - hop? Give an overview of Hip - hop History The culture, music, and lifestyle known as hip - hop began in the Bronx remote in New York city. At house parties and community centers DJs mixed songs from different records together. They started extending short drum breaks into longer dance mixes by switching between record decks. Bronx DJs experimented with touching and moving summary vinyl records with their hands.
What are the stereotypes about hip - hop? What role does the media play in teaching us about hip - hop? Listen to documentaries have students listen to documentary 1 (Kool Herc Invents write Hip - hop ) and Documentary 2 (Afrika bambaataa creates Culture both in kexp's Masters of Turntablism series. Discussion questions Where did hip - hop come from? Who invented hip - hop, and under what conditions? What is the break? Does hip - hop bring people together, or does it divide them? What was kool Hercs message to successful rap stars?
then collect them and randomly pass the papers back out so each student reads one out loud. Use this activity to get students talking about what they know about hip - hop. Questions to guide this conversation could be: do you like hip - hop? Why or why not? What is hip - hop? Why do you think hip - hop started?
Think, write, and speak intelligently about the differences between mainstream popular rap and hip - database hop as a culture. Skills: Expressing and supporting opinions in writing and discussion; analytical listening; critical thinking; public speaking; independent research Materials: -computer(s) with Internet access and speakers -Chalkboard and chalk or whiteboard/butcher paper and markers -audio recording and playback device dj kool Herc. Introduction Write these"s on the board: The thing about hip - hop is that its from the underground, ideas from the underbelly, from people who have mostly been locked out, who have not been recognized. russell Simmons, co-founder of Def Jam Recordings Rap is a gimmick, but Im for the hip - hop, the culture. method Man, hip - hop artist, member of the wu-tang Clan hip - hop is a vehicle. talib Kweli, hip - hop artist, founding member of Black Star 2 Students choose a", copy it down, and then free write. Have the students write for five minutes straight in reaction to the".
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This lesson, re-posted on Education World with permission from seattle radio station. Kexp, was created by tiffany Producer-kexp documentaries. The the entire series of lesson plans appears here. Also see on EducationWorld: Hip, hop, lesson: DJs and Turntablism, education World note: In the course of doing Internet research on hip - hop related topics, or in the course of accessing the resources (videos, web sites, articles, etc.) listed in this lesson, students may. T eachers may want to limit Internet access and/or screen specific resources ahead of time to select the options that will be most appropriate for their class. Time: Two to four 50-minute sessions, subject Areas: Language Arts, cultural Studies, social Studies, music. Learning Objectives: In this lesson, students will: Define hip - hop and describe its four main elements. Become familiar with the roots of hip - hop music and culture, in socio-economic and geographic context. Make connections between personal/community identity and hip - hop culture.