According to weir, she encountered "poor professional practice from an early stage" from the council and police; child protection issues were, in her view, "disregarded, dismissed or minimized". Mapping exercise edit In response to a complaint from police that evidence of child abuse in Rotherham was anecdotal, weir compiled a 10-page mapping exercise in 2001 showing what appeared to be a local abuse network. In evidence to the home Affairs Committee in 2014, she wrote that she had found "a small number of suspected abusers who were well known to all significant services in Rotherham." Using material obtained by risky business, and from health services, social services, police records. The suspects included members of the hussain family, thought to be among the network's ringleaders, who were jailed in 2016. Weir estimated at that point that there were 270 victims. 95 Home Office report edit weir's report for the home Office evaluators linked 54 abused children to the hussain family, as of October 2001. Eighteen children had named one of those men, Arshid Hussain (then around 25 as their "boyfriend and several had become pregnant.
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80 Three asian girls revealed abuse they had suffered in Rotherham a week after the jay report came to light, "Men are waiting outside schools for girls and giving them gifts and then demanding sexual favours she says. "One girl said she slept with a young man, but then he took her to a party where there were five other men, and two of them raped her." She continued, he told her that because he had spent all that money on her, she. He took videos of the men dessay raping her and said if she didnt sleep with his older friends, he would take the material to her father. These girls dont think they will be protected". 81 This showed that the narrative of "pakistani men preying on young white girls" was incomplete as they were also preying on girls of their own community who under-report the abuse to police and authorities resume because they fear not being believed, or because they are. 82 weir report (2001) edit home Office pilot study edit In 2000 Adele weir (later Gladman a yorkshire solicitor, was hired by rotherham council as a research and development officer on a home Office Crime reduction Programme pilot study, "Tackling Prostitution: What Works". A section of the study was devoted to "young people and prostitution and three towns—Bristol, Sheffield and Rotherham—were to be highlighted in that section. Weir was employed to write the report on Rotherham. Part of her project's aim was: "Collection of information and evidence about men allegedly involved in coercing young women into prostitution with which it might be possible for the police to pursue investigations and/or prosecutions." Researchers at the University of Bedfordshire, including the social scientist. Weir's line manager was the manager of Risky business, and she was placed in the risky business offices in Rotherham's International Centre, where she worked with jayne senior.
77 The jay report acknowledged that the 2013 report of abuse of Asian girls was "virtually identical" 78 to the abuse that occurred in Rotherham, and also acknowledged that British Asian girls were unlikely to report their abuse due to the repercussions on their family. Asian girls were "too afraid to go to the law" and "were being blackmailed into having sex with different men while others were forced at knife-point to perform sexual acts on men". 79 However this abuse was occurring to Asian girls in Rotherham, support workers described how one teenage girl had been gangraped at a party. "When she got database there, there was no party, there were no other female members present. What she found was that there were five adults, their ages ranging between their mid 20s going on to the late 40s and five men systematically, routinely, raped her. And the young man who was supposed to be her boyfriend, stood back and watched". 80 Groups would photograph the abuse and threaten to publish it "to your fathers, brothers, and in the mosques" if their victims went to the police.
61 Risky business was seen as a "nuisance" 68 69 and shut down by the council 70 71 in 2011. 72 In 2017 the government announced it had contributed to more than 14 projects with 250,000 to help tackle Child Sexual Exploitation. 73 Ethnicity of victims edit The jay inquiry reported that "most of the victims in the cases we sampled were white British children". F 75 76 However, despite the media focus on "pakistani men preying on young white girls a 2013 report by the uk muslim Women's Network found that British Asian girls were also being abused across the country in situations that mirrored the abuse in Rotherham. 77 The unfunded small-scale report found 35 cases of young Muslim girls of pakistani-heritage being raped and passed around for sex by multiple men. In the report, one local pakistani womens group described how pakistani-heritage girls were targeted by taxi drivers and on occasion by older men lying in wait outside school gates at dinner times and after school. They also cited cases in Rotherham where pakistani landlords had befriended pakistani women and girls on their own for purposes of sex, then passed on their name to other men who had then contacted them for sex.
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Now the girls were younger and came from Rotherham. Girls as young as 10 were being befriended, perhaps paragraphs by children their own age, before being passed to older men who would rape them and become their "boyfriends". Many of the girls were from troubled families, but not all. The children were given alcohol and drugs, then told they had to repay the "debt" by having sex with other men. The perpetrators set about obtaining personal information about the girls and their families—where their parents worked, for example—details that were used to threaten the girls if they tried to withdraw. Windows at family homes were smashed; threats were made to rape mothers and younger sisters. The children came to believe that the only way to keep their families safe was to cooperate.
E 61 One girl who came to the attention of Risky business was repeatedly raped from age 1315, and believed her mother would be the next victim: "They used to follow my mum because they used to know when she went shopping, what time she. Girls were doused in petrol and told they were about to die. When she told her "pimp" that she was pregnant and did not know who the father was, one 15-year-old was beaten unconscious with a clawhammer. A 12-year-old with a 24-year-old "boyfriend" had a mother who invited the perpetrators into the family home, where the girl would give the men oral sex for 10 cigarettes. According to senior, risk risky business ended up with so much information about the perpetrators that the police suggested she start forwarding it to an electronic dropbox, "Box five on the south Yorkshire police computer network. They reportedly told her this would protect the identity of Risky business's sources. She learned later that the police had not read the reports she had left there, and it apparently could not be accessed by other forces.
According to the house of Commons Home Affairs Committee in 2013, the first contact might be made by other children, who hand the target over to an older man. One of the adult perpetrators becomes the "boyfriend but the girl is used for sex by the larger group and comes to view this as the norm. The abuse can involve being gang raped by dozens of men during one event. Victims are often trafficked to other towns, where sexual access to the child might be "sold" to other groups. D According to one victim, the perpetrators prefer children aged 1214. As they get older, the group loses interest and may expect the child to supply younger children in exchange for continued access to the group, on which the child has come to rely for drugs, alcohol, a social life, "affection or even a home.
Risky business edit jayne senior, formerly of Risky business, after receiving an mbe in 2016 for her work The earliest reports of localised grooming in Rotherham date to the early 1990s, when several managers of local children's homes set up the "taxi driver group". The police apparently declined to act. In 1997 Rotherham council created a local youth project, risky business, to work with girls and women aged 1125 thought to be at risk of sexual exploitation on the streets. Jayne senior, awarded an mbe in the 2016 Birthday honours for her role in uncovering the abuse, began working for Risky business as a coordinator around July 1999. 58 The users were overwhelmingly white girls: of the 268 who used the project from March 2001 to march 2002, 244 were white, 22 were British-Asian, and 2 were black. Senior began to find evidence around 2001 of what appeared to be a localised-grooming network. Most Risky business clients had previously come from Sheffield, which had a red-light district.
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46 Terminology edit The term child sexual exploitation (CSE) was first used in business 2009 in a uk department for Education document. 47 Intended to replace the term child prostitution, which implied a level of consent, cse is a form of child sexual abuse in which children are offered something—money, drugs, alcohol, food, a place to stay, or even just affection—in exchange for sexual activity. Violence and intimidation are common. Adele Gladman and Angie heal, authors of early reports on the rotherham abuse, argue that describing vaginal, oral and anal rape, murder and attempted murder as "exploitation" does not help people understand the seriousness of the crimes. Cse includes online grooming and localised grooming, formerly known as on-street grooming. Localised grooming involves a group of abusers targeting vulnerable children in a public place, offering them sweets, alcohol, drugs and takeaway food in exchange for sex. The targets can include children in the care of the local authority; in Rotherham, one third of the targeted children were previously known to social services.
Three per cent of the borough belonged to the pakistani-heritage community. There were 68,574 Christians in the town in 2011, 23,909 with no religion, 8,682 Muslims, 7,527 not stated, and a small number of Hindus, sikhs, jews and Buddhists. 41 Unemployment in the borough was above the national average, and 23 per cent of homes consisted of social housing. The essay area has traditionally been a labour stronghold, and until Sarah Champion was elected in 2012 it had never had a female. 44 The council was similarly male-dominated; one labour insider told The guardian in 2012: "The rotherham political class is male, male, male." there were 63 elected members on Rotherham Metropolitan Borough council : 57 Labour, four Conservatives, one ukip and one Independent. The elections in August that year saw a swing to ukip: 49 Labour, 10 ukip, 2 Conservatives and 2 Independents. The government disbanded the council in 2015 after the casey report and replaced it with a team of five commissioners.
and sexist attitudes toward the mostly working-class victims; fear that the perpetrators' ethnicity would trigger allegations of racism and damage community relations; the. 16 Rotherham council's chief executive, its director of children's services, and the police and Crime commissioner for south Yorkshire police all resigned. 34 The Independent Police complaints Commission and the national Crime Agency both opened inquiries, the latter expected to last eight years. 35 36 The government appointed louise casey to conduct an inspection of Rotherham council. Published in January 2015, the casey report concluded that the council had a bullying, sexist culture of covering up information and silencing whistleblowers, and was "not fit for purpose". In February 2015 the government replaced the council's elected officers with a team of five commissioners. 39 As a result of new police inquiries, 19 men and two women were convicted in 20 of sexual offences in the town dating back to the late 1980s; one of the ringleaders was jailed for 35 years. 40 Contents Background edit rotherham edit with a population of 109,691, according to the 2011 census —55,751 female and 24,783 aged 017—Rotherham is the largest town within the south Yorkshire metropolitan Borough of Rotherham. 41 c Around.9 per cent of the town belonged to black and minority ethnic groups, 41 compared to eight per cent of the borough (population 258,400).
A, the, times articles, along with the 2012 trial of the. Rochdale child sex abuse ring, prompted the, house of Commons, home Affairs Committee to conduct hearings. Following this and further articles from Norfolk, rotherham council commissioned an independent inquiry led by Professor. In August 2014 the jay report concluded that an estimated 1,400 children, most of them white girls, 23 had been sexually abused in Rotherham between 19 by predominantly British-pakistani men. British Asian girls suffered abuse that mirrored that of other victims, but there was a reluctance to report it due to the fear of shame and dishonour it would bring on their families. A "common thread" was that taxi drivers had been picking the children up for sex from care homes and schools. B, writings the abuse included gang rape, forcing children to watch rape, dousing them with petrol and threatening to set them on fire, threatening to rape their mothers and younger sisters, and trafficking them to other towns.
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The, rotherham child sexual exploitation scandal grew out of the organised child sexual abuse that occurred and went unchallenged by local authorities in the northern English town. Rotherham, south Yorkshire from the late 1980s until the 2010s. It has since been described as the "biggest child protection scandal in uk history". Evidence of the abuse was first noted in the early 1990s, when care-home managers investigated reports that children in their care were being picked up by taxi drivers. From at least 2001, multiple reports passed names of alleged perpetrators, several from one family, to the police and. The first group conviction took place in 2010, when five. British-pakistani men were convicted of sexual offences against girls aged 1216. From January 2011 Andrew Norfolk. The times pressed the issue, reporting write in 2012 that the abuse in the town was widespread, and that the police and council had known about it for over ten years.