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On top of that, while the tanker could get up to a speed.5 knots in ideal conditions, it wasnt great at slowing down; it took over five miles for the boat to stop when it was running at that speed. The, jahre viking may have outlived its usefulness as a tanker, but it wasnt totally worthless. In 2004 First Olsen winter Tankers bought the ship and began converting her into a stationary storage tanker. After another name change to the. Knock nevis, the tanker ended up permanently moored in the persian Gulfs Al Shaheen Oil field off the coast of Qatar as a floating storage and offloading vessel. This is the end, the, knock nevis lasted about resume five years in this job before her owners decided that the behemoth no longer made sense as a storage vessel, either. It was time for her to meet the same fate as the four aforementioned Batillus -class supertankers that rivaled her size. She headed to the scrapyard. The ships name was changed to mont for a final voyage to Indias Alang-Sosiya ship-breaking yards in January 2010. Even dismantling the ship turned out to be an epic task; the times of India reported that the project would take a year and require as many as 18,000 laborers. In the end, the seawise giant could survive a missile attack from Saddam Husseins air force, but she couldnt withstand the pressure of a changing oil market.
Happy giant because, hey, who wouldnt be happy to get a second shot at life? The sweeping repairs took two years, and at the end of the process Norwegian shipping mogul Jorgen Jahre bought the tanker for 39 million and again renamed her, this time to the. For the next 13 years the. Jahre viking sailed under the norwegian flag. By 2004, it had started to become clear that while the gigantic tanker was certainly an engineering marvel, it wasnt the most practical vessel for conveying oil in the modern economy. The economics of powering such a huge ship meant that some gargantuan tankers revelation operated at a loss. Furthermore, the, jahre viking s massive size meant that actually sailing the thing was a pain. It couldnt navigate the English Channel thanks to its lack of maneuverability, and the tankers 81-foot draft meant that her crew had to remain vigilant about the very real risk of running aground in waters that were no problem for smaller ships.
Seawise giant weathered a similar onslaught of Exocet missiles and also sank. Suddenly, the revelation worlds largest ship was the worlds largest shipwreck. The tankers owners wrote her off as a total loss. Encore, of course, it seemed like a waste to have such a gigantic ship just sitting and rotting barbing on the sea floor. In 1989, after the Iran-Iraq War ended, a norwegian consortium bought the. Seawise giant s wreckage and had her pulled from the shallow water and transported to singapore for significant repairs. The new owners renamed the tanker the.
Seawise giant began making relatively uneventful transport runs between the middle east and the United States. Things bottomed out for the. Seawise giant in may 1988. The literal low point in the supertankers history came in 1988, when it became a casualty of the Iran-Iraq War. Iraqi planes attacked an Iranian oil platform in the Strait of Hormuz in the hopes of choking off a crucial part of Irans oil pipeline. In addition to bombing the platform, the Iraqi jets opened fire on five oil tankers anchored in the area. Barcelona listed for a few days before sinking after a secondary explosion.
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The tanker didnt get off to the rosiest of starts. A greek shipping magnate originally ordered the ship in 1979 when tanker construction was booming following a decade of unrest in the oil market. He ended up not being able to foot the bill when a yokosuka, japan, shipyard finished construction, though. The shipyard sold the tanker to Chinese shipping kingpin. Tung, who ordered a refitting of the tanker to make it the largest ship ever to sail. Tung then named the beast the. Just how learn big was the, seawise giant?
Her rudder alone weighed 230 tons. She was over 1500 feet long and 226 feet wide. She was basically half again as long and half again as wide as an American aircraft carrier. She had a cargo capacity of 564,763 deadweight tons, which by that measure made her the largest ship on record. Batillus -class supertankers built during the 1970s had larger gross tonnage, but. Seawise giant had a larger fully loaded displacement.). When she finally launched in 1981, the.
Because of this, catnip may have even more uses in the future beyond sending cats into a delighted frenzy. Rutgers University has spent more than a decade breeding a more potent version of catnip, called CR9, which produces more nepetalactone. Its not just a matter of selling better cat toys; since catnip releases the compound to ward off insects, its also a great mosquito repellant, one that scientists hope can one day be adapted for human use. In that case, you might be as excited about catnip as your cat. Have you got a big question you'd like us to answer?
If so, let us know by emailing us at). Weve all heard of the, titanic and the, exxon Valdez. The story of the tanker that was once known as the. Seawise giant is much less familiar, although its every bit as memorable. The largest ship ever built—she was nearly twice as long as the titanic—actually sank, only to rise up from the ocean floor and sail again. This is the story of its odd life and multitude of names.
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Many other feline species enjoy it, too, including lions and jaguars, though tigers are largely indifferent. The database scent of the plant also attracts butterflies. (However, no matter what youve heard, humans cant get high off. When made into a tea, though, it reportedly has mild sedative effects. the reason, nepeta cataria releases nepetalactone doesnt necessarily have to do with giving your cat a buzz. The fact that it gives cats that little charge of euphoria may be purely coincidental. The chemical is an insect repellant that the plant emits as a defense mechanism against pests like aphids. According to the American Chemical Society, nepetalactone attracts wasps and other insect predators that eat aphids, calling in protective reinforcements when the plant is in aphid-related distress. That it brings all the cats to the yard is just a side effect.
But some researchers contend that more cats may respond to catnip than we actually realize. In one 2017 study, a group of researchers in Mexico examined how cats might subtly respond to catnip in ways that arent always as obvious as rolling around on the floor with their tongue hanging out. It found that 80 percent of cats responded to catnip in a passive way, showing decreased motor activity and sitting in the sphinx position, an indicator of a relaxed state. There are also other plants that have similar effects on cats, some of which may appeal to a wider variety of felines than regular old catnip. In a 2017 study in the journal, bmc veterinary research, researchers tested feline responses to not just catnip, but several other plants containing compounds similar in structure to nepetalactone, like valerian root, tatarian honeysuckle, and silver vine. They found that 94 percent of cats responded to at least one of the plants, if not more than one. The majority of the cats that didnt respond to catnip itself did respond to silver vine, suggesting that plant might be a potential alternative for cats that seem immune to catnips charms. Despite the name, domestic cats arent the only media species that love catnip.
indoor cats—whose environment isnt always the most thrilling— stimulated and happy. (If you need proof of just how much cats love this herb, we suggest checking out. Cats on Catnip, a new book of photography from professional cat photographer Andrew Martilla featuring dozens of images of cats playing around with catnip.). That said, not all cats respond to catnip. According to topper, an estimated 70 percent of cats react to catnip, and it appears to have a genetic basis. Topper compares it to the genetic variation that causes some individuals to smell asparagus pee while others dont. Even if a cat will eventually love the smell of catnip, it doesnt come out of the womb yearning for a sniff. Young kittens dont show any behavioral response to it, and may not develop one until several months after birth.
While pheromones bind to a set of specialized receptors in whats known as a vomeronasal organ, located in the roof of a cat's mouth (which is why they sometimes open their mouths to detect pheromones nepetalactone binds to olfactory receptors at the olfactory epithelium,. Scientists know the basics of the chemical structure of nepetalactone, but how it causes excitement in cats is less clear. We dont know the full mechanisms of how the binding of these compounds to the receptors in the nose ultimately changes their behavior, as Bruce kornreich, associate director of the cornell Feline health Center, tells Mental Floss. Sadly, sticking a bunch of cats in an mri machine with catnip and analyzing their brain activity isnt really feasible, either from a practical or a financial standpoint, so its plan hard to determine which parts of a cats brain are reacting to the chemical. Though it may look like theyre getting high, catnip doesnt appear to be harmful or addictive to cats. The euphoric period only lasts for a short time before cats become temporarily immune to its charms, meaning that its hard for them to overdo. Cats do seem to limit themselves michael Topper, president of the American Veterinary medical Association, tells Mental Floss.
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If you have a cat, you probably keep a supply of apple catnip at home. Many cats are irresistibly drawn to the herb, and respond excitedly to its scent, rubbing against it, rolling around on the floor, and otherwise going nuts. There are few things that can get felines quite as riled up as a whiff of catnip—not even the most delicious treats. But why does catnip, as opposed to any other plant, have such a profound effect on our feline friends? Catnip, or, nepeta cataria, is a member of the mint family. It contains a compound called nepetalactone, which is what causes the characteristic catnip reaction. Contrary to what you might expect, the reaction isnt pheromone related—even though pheromones are the smelly chemicals we usually associate with a change in behavior.